A look at the currently active socio-political groups in Pakistan

The issue of terrorism has divided the Pakistani nation into several groups. One such division is based on the socio-political ideologies people from these groups adhere to. Here, I will attempt to explain the motivations and justifications for these ideologies that have left the national consensus in tatters.

1. The Militants

  1. Their particular brand of shari’ah should be imposed in the country.
  2. Establishment of a caliphate.
  3. The NATO forces should leave Afghanistan.
  4. Afghanistan under Taliban rule was a model Islamic State. 
  5. Pakistan’s role in the war on terror and the subsequent removal of the Taliban government makes Pakistan an enemy of Islam.
  6. Any one who disagrees with their interpretation of Islam is an infidel.
  7. Strongly against any formal education for women. Have blown up several girls’ schools.
  8. Strongly against co-ed.
  9. Strongly against vaccination and immunization.
  10. Strongly against family planning.
  11. Strongly against the banking system.
  12. Suicide bombing and killing unarmed civilians (regardless of their religion, sect and ethnicity) is permissible if the goal is to steer society in the desired direction.
  13. They have released several videos and pics showing them beheading their captives while reciting verses of the Qur’an.

2. Militancy Supporters

  1. While they don’t get involved in open hostilities, they strongly believe in the message promulgated by the Militants.
  2. The Militants killed during hostilities against Pakistan army are martyrs (Munawar Hassan, Ameer Jamaat-e-Islami at a press conference).
  3. Even a dog killed by the Americans is a martyr (Maulana Fazl-ur-Rehman, Amir Jami’at-e-Ulama-i-Islam (F) in the National Assembly after the done strike that took out Hakimullah Mehsud).
  4. The Taliban are fighting our war (Maulana Sami-ul-Huq, Amir Jami’at-e-Ulama-i-Islam (S)).
  5. Drone attacks are a cause of militancy.

3. The Negotiators

  1. Any past transgressions by the Militants should be overlooked so there can be peace in the country.
  2. Britain negotiated with the IRA.
  3. West Pakistan’s failure to negotiate with East Pakistan resulted in the creation of Bangladesh.
  4. They are mostly against the Militants but vehemently oppose any use of force against them.
  5. They expect the Militants to voluntarily lay down their weapons.
  6. They propose social reforms in the areas currently controlled by the Militants to combat any further militarization.

4. Justice for their Fallen Compatriots

  1. Vehement opposition of the Militants’ brand of Islam.
  2. They demand justice for the 60,000 to 70,000 people the Militants have thus far killed.
  3. Since the Militants took up arms against the state, they have committed treason and should get punished according to the laws defined in the Constitution.
  4. Question the sincerity and feasibility of the Negotiators plans.
  5. They raise the question that if the families of the people killed in acts of terror took up arms to exact vengeance, will the state negotiate with them too.
  6. The solution of militancy is a full scale military operation.
  7. Until the Militants have the ability to carry out attacks against Pakistan, there can be no negotiations.
  8. Begging the Militants to negotiate puts Pakistan in a position of weakness and would result in more of the Militants’ demands getting accepted.

5. The Egalitarians

  1. Mostly strongly agree with the group that demands justice for their Fallen Compatriots.
  2. Religion is a personal matter, not something for the state to enforce.
  3. Gender equality.
  4. Minority rights.
  5. Some of them condemn homophobia.

(This article is dedicated to a dear friend of mine. She convinced me to write it and I have the utmost respect for her and her opinions matter)

Posted in Politics.